When you first take up a new hobby the sheer amount of information can be overwhelming
at first. Taking up fishing is no different. There are just so many kinds of fishing
equipments in stores and online. The are thousands of books and even more websites all
giving the 'best' advise. The truth is that you can probably learn something very usefull
from each one of these resources. The challenge however is that when you are so
overwhelmed you tend to never really take any of the advise in.
To make it all simple, here are the basic things you need to know for your first
fishing adventure. If you need any additional information and lnow-how, it's better to add
on. Start simple. Start with the basics and grow your knowlege and expertise.
1) Fishing with bait:
- Tackle To plunk the bait, you should purchase lead weights. The weight of the lead
would vary depending on the current of the environment. Anglers commonly use and recommend
bank sinkers with a number-two hook. To avoid sinkers to slide, you would need a swivel to
act as a stop. To protect the knot, you could use plastic beads between the swivel and
weight. Using two appropriate swivels could allow you to rig the sliding sinkers.
- Bait The commonly used bait for all kinds of fishes is worms. Another popular bait is
chicken liver. Remember to buy fresh bait and keep them cold to avoid them from getting
soft and allowing the bait to stay within your hooks. Some of the commonly used baits are
cut-baits which include skin from fried chicken, fish entrails, grasshoppers, salmon eggs,
shrimps and crayfish tails.
2) Fishing Methods:
- Plunking - It is the most common method used. Use a suitable amount of weight for you
to be able to take hold of the bait in a position which is against any current. An option
in plunking is to use minimal weight for the bait to move along with the water current.
- Back bouncing - It is done by lifting the bait out the bottom and raising the tip of
the rod for one to two feet. Allowing the bait to walk with the current, you should free
the back reel or spool. Repeat the steps when the lure settles down on the bottom. Back
bouncing is effective in deeper water like fishing in a boat.
- Drift-fishing - It is a simple method wherein you cast upstream or downstream. This
may vary depending on the current's amount. You should count the appropriate depth and
3) Fishing From a boat:
It is important to determine in which location you would perform your fishing. Deeper
water needs heavier jigheads compared when fishing on shore.
- With heavy weight which keeps your bait near the bottom of the water and the line
straight down from your boat, you are able to drift the boat along with any current. A
good technique of fishing on boats is trolling slowly with a fishing device called
Fishing is a skill that most people can pick up quite easily. You don't need to be a
world champion to enjoy fishing. Remember that the real purpose of fishing is to have fun
and to enjoy the experience of being close to nature. Why not bring some of your family
and friends along and make your first time fishing a memorable one.
Whether you are fishing out in the
sea or in a river, there are always challenges to get round. It is necessary to have
patience and try your utmost to catch the fish when they finally turn up.
First of all, you will need to get a fishing license from your local government and the
laws regarding fishing are different depending on what state you live in.For salt water
fishing you will have to get a boat. Depending on how many people join you, the vessel
size would vary from a row boat to a yacht.
In shore fishing can be done on a fifteen foot sailboat with a cuddy forward to shelter
passengers from the rain. The boat needs to be sturdy so that waves or bumps along the
beach and rocks don't affect it but it shouldn't be too heavy.
Start by throwing your line out at the edges not the middle so that it doesn't scare
the fish away. You will encourage the fish in the middle by sticking to the edges. A cod
line will be a benefit to a person who wants to go "down below". You can use a
perch line as well. If it is mackerel fishing season, you can benefit from a mackerel jig
The best time to start fishing is on ebb tide. That is early in the morning because
that would make your day more productive and if the wind is light or fair, it would help
you on your journey home. Try to find a spot where the locals go fishing. That is your
best bet for a successful day.
Don't be too impatient, many anglers would move from one spot onto the next and this
motion may reduce your chances that day. Start from the shallowest spot to the deepest,
throwing your line out a few times without changing your bait.
Another thing that may affect your fishing chances are sharks. If you have one
following you, pour fish blood onto a newspaper or a paper towel. Roll it into a ball and
throw it overboard. The sharks will follow the current and the fish will return thereby
increasing your likelihood of obtaining fish.
Contemporary fishing rods do not
resemble the primitive cane poles and which can easily retrieve the fish caught in its
bait with the aid of the reels in its rod.
Some of the fishing rods sport sophisticated movable shafts that can move except handle
and can make it easier to catch a struggling fish caught on snare bait.
The basic design of a fishing rod has remained unchanged. It is thick at the handle
(bottom) and tapered and thinner at the tip to make it flexible and provide it handling
Fishing rods are normally 6 and 16 feet (2 and 5m) and have variable capacity to
tolerate fishing activity strains. Length of the pole determines the withstanding power of
a rod and also decides upon the angling rod's performance.
One of the smallest and less sophisticated fishing gadgets are the Cane poles, which
has a basic fly line attached to it and are either made of bamboo or other flexible
materials. A cane pole lacks a reel used for applying or for retrieving a baited fish.
Spinning rods are normally used for fishes like trout, walleye and bass fish but are
also good for catching any heavyweight or lightweight fish. Measuring 5 and 7 (1.5 and
2.5m) they are the most popular rods presently. Being very flexible and stress resistant
they are used in bass fish competition. To prevent line tangles during unfolding of fold
lines they accommodate bigger and tougher fly lines.
For heavy catches around 180 to 200 feet under the ocean's surface the jigging rods are
the best. Being made of fine, solid material they are heavy and can catch fish even in
alternating currents. Often erratic undersea current disturb the fly line and consequently
the lure. So to avoid confusion the fly lines of jigging rods are made long and heavy.
Such rods are best suited for halibuts and cods that normally dwell at the bottom of the sea.
To the inexperienced eye, a fishing pole, is a fishing pole, is a fishing pole! But to the
experienced fisherman a pole is the first item on the list of things you must get right to
catch a fish.
There are heavy duty salt water poles that are made for catching something huge out of the
ocean. And if salt water fishing is what you have in mind then the monster pole is exactly
what you need. A person might think that the salt water pole is the way to go with all
types of fishing. The bigger the pole the bigger the fish, type thinking. But as heavy as
those salt water poles are, it takes a big fish to even know you have something on your
fishing line. Also the boats you go out to fish the sea have pole holders to help you hold
and control your pole. Those poles are too heavy and awkward to use for fresh water
fishing. Fishing in any of the fresh water rivers, lakes, or beaver ponds you can go with
a lighter fishing rod. In most stores you find poles marked medium, light, and extra
light. The lighter the pole, the smaller the fish you will feel on the end of the rod.
That's called the action of a pole. Now that means feel the fish bite the bait, not the
size of fish the pole can catch. But if you go too light you run the risk of breaking your
pole when trying to bring in a fish.
If you do go with a lighter pole ( an extra light is my favorite due to its action ) you
can beef it up a bit by going with fishing line heavy enough to handle the size of fish
your expecting to catch. I fish beaver ponds and mountain lakes mostly that's why an extra
light works for me. If you are fishing in the south for a big 'ol catfish then you will do
better with a medium action pole. Then there is also a fly pole which can be used in fresh
water fishing except for trolling or fishing for something like catfish ( they're bottom
feeders, you use a fly pole for on top of the water feeders like rainbow trout ).
Once you figure out where you want to fish and pick the pole best for you, then you decide
on the weight of the fishing line. From this point on the supplies that you need depend on
where you are going to fish and the
enviromental conditions. I recommend trying to put together a well stocked tackle box that
cover the needs for several types of fishing and different conditions.
You will need extra fishing line, hooks of different sizes, sinkers, bobbers, an
assortment of flies, salmon eggs, and other bait. A small but sharp knife, a pair of
scissors, a stringer to put the fish you catch on, and a fish scale. For the Rookie I
would recommend a beginners book to explain some of the basics about light, water clarity
and some of the other things. Another thing I always do when preparing to fish in a new
area, is to talk to the natives. Ask the gal at the counter of the fishing tackle store
what the fish are biting on
and where are the hot spots. With time and practice you will develop your own technique
and figure out which pole, line, and bait work best for you.
There is only one thing left....Don't forget to buy a fishing license! Oh and have FUN!!
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The development of different types
of lures, meant for catching various species of fish owes its origin to the evolution of
fishing gear, accessories and the progression of the bass fishing industry
A wide range of different types or classes of lures has flooded the market. All of them
depend on the particular species of fish for which they have been made. Most of them are
aimed at specific types excepting a few which can be used for a wide number of species.
A list of typical lures used for fishing is given below.
Casting lures of light standard
This particular type can usually lure a wide range of Piscean varieties from crappies,
oho, Bonita, bluefish to albacore, and certain species of bass fish. These lures are at
their functional best if you retrieve them from water at low or moderate speed and can
pass through water with the help of undetectable synthetic material.
Weighing between 1/16 oz. - 3 oz., they are ideal for lightweight fish and a variety of
other freshwater species.
A hand painted eye is capable of enticing a school of fish and increases the chances of
entrapping one of your targets in the water.
Heavy standard lures for casting
As is evident from the name, these lures are most suitable for the heavier varieties
like bass and walleye. The advantage of heavy lures is that they provide more reliable
fishing output and can catch more fish than diamond or lightweight counterparts; although
the latter is more frequently used.
Jigging/long casting lures
It is however the long, tapered jigging lures which top the popularity chart. Fishermen
in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Florida usually opt for this type of lure.
If you want to catch trout or pike then the best option would be the long casting
lures, according to recent findings. They can effectively trap tuna, walleye, bluefish and
stripers in a jiffy.
Jigging lures will not produce good fish-catch output up to 180-200 feet under water,
as opposed to heavy standard lures. Check to see if your lure color, bait and related
accessories are matching or not, in order to maximize performance.
Lethal diamond lures
One of the smallest in size and ranging from 1/8 to 1 oz., these lures are capable of
seamlessly attracting attention among fish. They can also form a school of fish extremely
This is because of its cut and structural surface formation. It is cut like a diamond
at the top and reflects the light falling on its surface. These can effectively catch
stripers, crappie, bass fish varieties as well as the smaller species of fish.
We can successfully catch catfish
by following some of the fundamental methods. It should be clear that each and every rule
or method couldn't be applied to water of all types. The reason is that, techniques and
baiting mixtures vary from one target to the other.
List of simple yet effective methods:
Rigging - Loop the bait holder or the treble hook from the beginning of a line towards
the end, to a distance of choice ideally between 18" to 24". The choice of
distance should be according to the bait that is being used. You must use a weight to keep
the rig still because any movement of bait is not advisable. You can also use slipweight
to keep the bait stable. The purpose of the weight is to just be able to slide in the
line. This way the weight will not be felt by the fish and by the time it would sense that
the bait is not real, it would be too late. Through multibait technique multiple catches
can be made at the same time. Just place three- way swivel along the line, simple. The
more it strikes the more are the chances of catching catfish in huge quantity.
Bait - Chicken livers or medium sized shrimps from the groceries are the ideal choice
of experts. Body of the shrimp should be large enough to slide up in a no.6 hook. Its tail
and skin should be taken off. Here it becomes easier, unlike in the case of chicken where
use of pantyhose is essential. To the treble hook, a diameter of a quarter, wrapped in a
piece of pantyhose with a tag end is attached. The following can also be considered good
baits: blood worms, minnows, catfish paste, night crawlers, snails, living or dead small
fish and dough baits. Natural baits are best.
Chumming - Through this method the fishermen are able to catch more catfish. Just throw
in the fishing area, balls made up of a combination of natural recipes. In this way more
and more catfish get lured. Remember to throw enough mixture so that the catfish can feed
completely. The same recipe should be attached to the hook, which will be used for
fishing. Use of a pleasant smelling flavor in the mixture will do wonders.
Tackling - Through this method a great amount of catfish get attracted. The tackle
should have a spinning real and it should be about 6 feet long. Use of heavier lines mean
longer time to catch the fish. Cost should not be the concern as experience drawn from
both cheap and costly tackle is the same. Always try to remove the hooks with the pliers
after the catch is over. Ensure that the grip is secure. Some fins are poisonous so
completely get rid of them. Simply slide your hand up to the fish's stomach from its tail.
Place your fingers on one side and your thumb on the other. Then remove the catfish from
the hook without hurting yourself. All the best for successful catfishing.
If you're trolling the market for
a fishing boat, you already know it's a big investment. The last thing you want is to be
all washed up in a holey mess because you bought a poor quality boat.
Fishing boats come in all sizes, from small motorboats for inland lake fishing, to
small whalers, to yachts designed for cruising the deep seas. If you want to prove
yourself as a hardcore fisherman, or fisherwoman, one of the best ways is by investing in
a fishing boat. Be sure before you buy, and make the right investment in your new vessel.
Owning a boat can be great fun, but there are hidden costs to consider before you buy.
Basic upkeep fees can net a lot of cash. You need to keep your boat clean and fueled.
Unless you have your own marina or garage, you'll have to pay for parking and storage.
Dry-docking your boat during the off-season will cost more than a nominal fee. Even if you
plan to moor the boat under a tarp in the backyard, there is the transportation to
consider. The boat will have to be towed home in the winter, and back to the water in
spring. To do it yourself you'll need a pickup truck or van, a boat trailer, or a really
good buddy who has both.
If you've decided that your budget allows, you can start comparing fishing boats. Shop
around and research your options well, before making your final decision. It seems there
are as many makes and models of fishing boats on the market as there are cars and SUVs, so
you'll be up to your neck in options. With so much to choose from, you should be able to
find the boat to suit your needs perfectly.
Bass Pro Shops is one brand-name boat model that offers good quality at a decent price.
The famous angling supply store introduced their first "fish ready" Tracker boat
way back in 1978. Since then, they've mastered the design and technology of boats, rigging
all of them as if they're meant for pros. Bass Pro Shops boats come packaged with a motor
and a trailer. Marine gear packages are optional.
Charger boats are another big name in crafts known for their performance and quality.
Like Bass Pro Shops, Charger boats are built by a no-nonsense company that believes in
providing effective and innovative fishing boats.
Spend money on a poor quality boat, and you can find yourself waist-deep in problems.
Fishing boats are a big investment, but if you shop around and buy the right one, it will
be nothing but smooth sailing ahead.
If you have a GPS device, then you
already know the many advantages of this technology. If fishing is your hobby or if you
know someone who is an avid fishermen, why not get them a GPS handheld unit as a holiday
gift? They will find this device easy to use and a great way to track hot spots and map
out new ones.
While there are many types of GPS units out there on the market today, you should look
for one that will give you depth measurements and basic coordinates. This will be helpful
when you are fishing before daybreak in unfamiliar waters. Other options such as a color
screen, detailed maps, and database of restaurants, motels, and hospitals are also very
useful. Depending on the types of fish you are looking for, knowing the depth of different
parts of the lake will help you find more fish. For example, some types of trout like to
hide at the bottom of the lake.
GPS technology can also be used when fishing in waters that contain old ships, building
foundations, fallen trees, and other large objects. By writing down coordinates and water
depth, you will have able to fish along the edges of these objects and not have to worry
about getting your lure caught. There is nothing worse than trying to get your line free
from a tree branch or root when it is under the water.
You will also be able to monitor the movement of fish that are lurking underneath the
water. This will help you find hot spots every time. You will be able to distinguish
movement in order to determine if a fish is present or if it is a log or tree branch.
Before you begin your fishing excursion, you should enter in the coordinates where you
place your boat in the water as your first waypoint. Not only will this give a point of
reference for future trips, it will also help you in case there is fog or a sudden
rainstorm and you cannot find your way back to shore. Waypoints can also be used for hot
spots that you find during the day. Going back to these spots will probably yield you more
Most GPS units can hold up to one thousand way points. This means that you can take
several fishing trips in different areas and not have to erase your collected data. Some
fishermen will keep a log of their coordinates and the places they have fished so that
they can refer to it easily on their next trip. Log your coordinates the next time you go
on a fishing trip. You will be amazed by the number of fish you will catch.
Some people will map out these coordinates and use them each time they fish. You can do
this or you can make a list of coordinates you have visited already so that you can find
other hot spots and not repeat the same ones. With a GPS tracking device, you will not
become a better fisherman, but you will have more control over your surroundings in terms
of finding those places where fish like to hide.
There is such an assortment of bait that it is difficult to recommend any particular
color, size, or type as the best. There are more than a thousand good baits on the market.
All will catch fish at some time or another.
Fishing baits usually weigh from ¼ to an ounce to three ounces. The most popular weight
preferred by the majority of bait casters is the 5/8-ounce bait, while the average is
between ½ and 3 quarters of an ounce. Baits can either be used as a whole or cut into
chunks. Anglers can also use dead or live baits.
The Different Types of Bait
There is a wide array of organisms being used as fishing baits. Among the different types
used in fishing, the commonly used are the small fish. These consist of widely used
fishing baits such as herring, anchovies, menhaden, and some others that are inborn to
certain local waters. Larger fish are usually used as chunk baits.
Fishing baits can be used whole, chunk, and strips, based on the activities of the type of
fishes being chased. The size of the fishing bait is usually well matched with the size of
the fish being hunted. Other common organisms used for bait fishing are crabs, worms,
shrimps, clams, sand fleas, eels, and squid. Among all of the organisms mentioned, the
crabs and the shrimp are the well-liked organisms to be used as fishing baits.
Shrimp are favorably used as fishing bait and are considered to be very valuable bait for
a huge number of saltwater fish, especially those that are considered inshore
fish like redfish, speckled trout, shook, and a lot more.
Whereas, various crab species, especially the fiddler crab, sand flea, and the blue crab,
are perfect fishing baits for many varieties of inshore fish and bottom
fish. These crabs are usually clasped through their shell, usually on either the
right or left of the head.
How to Acquire Fishing Bait?
Fishermen can acquire fishing bait either buying them in bait shops or simply by capturing
The advantage of buying fishing bait is convenience, while catching live fishing bait is
less expensive and can be more effective in luring fish. Digging for earthworms is another
activity. Earthworms make an excellent bait.
Indeed, when it comes to bait fishing, using the proper fishing bait are important and
imperative to the success of fishing. Hence, anglers should know the basics of choosing
fishing baits in order to save time and money.
The obvious answer is fish and preferably fish that are biting your bait. While fish
that are biting is the key element in a good fishing trip there are several other elements
that help to enhance your fishing experience.
One of the elements is a wide comfortable space, a location where you can securely
place all the items you will need and reach them comfortably. This is particularly
important if you are fishing from a high rock ledge. You do not want to reach for
something and have it slip into the water, or worse you slip into the water. When fishing
from rocks in the ocean it is also important to pay attention to the high tide mark on the
rock. You need to ensure that your location is above the high tide mark and above the
height of the spray from the waves, so that you are not washed off the rock. You should
also verify that you have a route off the rock that does not involve wading through water
at high tide. The strength of the water can be deceptive at high tide.
Good company is important. It is pleasant to have someone to chat with during those
periods when the fish do not seem to be biting. Good company however is not necessarily
someone who talks incessantly as that can cause you to miss the feel of the nibble on the
line. Having a friend along is also important in the event that something bad happens. In
such a situation there would be someone to provide help or get help.
We are in the Caribbean so liquid refreshment is necessary, especially if you are
fishing in the daytime. If your refreshment is of the stronger kind, limit consumption so
that you do not miss the nibbles of the fish on the line. Also remember that you usually
have to drive home after fishing and you need to be able to concentrate on the road.
Having extra of everything is important. You will want to have extra hooks, line and
sinkers so that if your fishing line becomes entangled or stuck on a rock, you can easily
replace it and continue fishing. You should carry different size hooks because although
you planned to catch really big fish, it may be that only small fish are around. Having
different sized hooks allows you to switch sizes to suit the size of the fish that are
biting. It is also a good idea to have different weight sinkers to suit the strength of
the currents that may be in that area.
If you are fishing at night have a flashlight or lantern with spare batteries. A knife
is important as you may need to cut your line, slice your bait, prepare snacks and many
Having a cellular phone with you is very useful, as you may want to call someone to
share the excitement or call someone in case of trouble. Carry a Zip Lock plastic bag to
place the phone in, so that it does not get wet.
Having bait to attract the fish is vital and equally important is having the right type
of bait. To ensure that you have the right type of bait, try to find out what type of fish
is biting in the area and what they are feeding on. To learn what the fish are feeding on
you can ask the residents in the area. If the area you plan to fish does not have any
residents or is far from where you live, carry an assortment of bait.
Choose the correct time to go fishing. Early morning and early evening are usually good
times to go fishing. While fish can be caught at all times with the right bait and being
in the right location, many species feed at dawn and dusk and then hide during the rest of
the day. The changing of the tides is also a good time for fishing. Larger fish tend to
come closer inshore at the high tide.
Following the above tips should ensure that you have an enjoyable fishing trip. Now all
you need is for the fish to bite.
So often we read or hear about proper care of fishing reels, yet
what good is a well maintained fishing reel if you do not have a good fishing rod for that
reel to be used with? No matter how much or little you have spent on your fishing rods,
you can help your rods have long and productive lives by following some basic maintenance
1. Rinsing your fishing rod is an important part of rod maintenance. This step may seem
a bit of a pain, but really only takes a few minutes. Fishing in salt waters is a given,
with the salt residue being an issue on your rod. Yet many freshwater fishermen do not
realize that algae from the water can also end up harming your rod. By rinsing your rod
with fresh, clean water you can remove dirt and residue that can be attached to guides and
blanks. If your rod is a little dirtier than a rinse can handle, try using a small soft
brush to get the deposits. Don't forget to wipe dry with a cloth.
2. Check your cork handles. It is amazing how many fishermen will treat their guides
and blanks with care, while forgetting that essential piece of the rod. Using a mild
dishwashing soap and a plastic sponge will keep you cork handle looking good and help stop
corrosion due to dirt, water, and other elements.
3. Another way that rods can be damaged is most commonly done when putting in boats or
vehicles, yet this can result in the guides being broken off completely or bent.
Transporting your rods all bundled up can also see the blanks themselves can being rubbed
excessively and they are wide open to other damage like breaks or cuts. Of course the best
way to avoid this problem is by carrying your fishing rod in a protective sleeve, case or
just carrying them about separately.
4. I must confess that this step has been the hardest for me to follow. Storing a
fishing rod with the fishing hook or lure is a wrong method of rod maintenance. The guides
can really take a beating from the hooks and have chips, cracks or even breaks.
5. One of the most overlooked ways of caring for your fishing rod comes at the end of
your fishing season. It doesn't matter what time of year it is, just when you will be
putting your rods away for a long period of time. When this time comes you should slack
the reel seat. By releasing this pressure, you can avoid problems with proper fitting of
the reel seat and reel foot.
6. Avoid the possibility of developing a permanent bow in the rod, by releasing any
tension that the fishing line may be under.
7. Proper storage of your fishing rod is the paramount. After all, if not stored
properly your rod will be exposed to many opportunities that could damage or break your
rod. It would be best to keep your rods stored in a vertical, upright position. Seek out
some sort of rod rack for this. The goal is to support the rods on both ends. Also try to
have them up against a solid surface, like a wall or cabinet so they do not have an
unnatural "bend" during the time the rods are in storage.
8. Like most materials, your fishing rod is not made to handle hot temperatures. Avoid
areas, like your boat or automobiles trunk that have prolonged exposure to the sun.
Speaking of heat, I am sure you realize that storing your fishing rod in the sunlight for
long periods of time can result in the breaking down or corroding of rod parts. So avoid
outdoor walls as an option.
An avid fisherman is typically able to tell you the contents of his tackle box: fishing
hooks, line in various weights, shiny and dull fishing lures, colorful bobbers, an extra
reel, needle nose pliers, a flashlight, maybe some fishing scissors and a fishing knife.
Each of these tackle box items is an important element in both successful and not so
successful fishing trips to the river. Having the right kind of gear, the kind that will
withstand a variety of elements, is key.
The following are some tips on what to look for when purchasing a durable fishing or
fillet knife to all those would-be and experienced anglers out there.
When choosing a fishing knife, the size of the fish being lured needs to be considered. A
ten inch blade would be excessive if you typically fish stocked rainbow trout or crappie
in your local river. The larger blade could damage the meat of smaller fish during
cleaning if you are not careful. On the other hand, a small fillet knife on a
medium-to-large catfish or grouper would be time consuming and potentially impossible. If
you fish a variety of species, consider owning multiple knives in various lengths and
widths. There are a number of fishing knife sets with multiple blade styles available on
the market. If you have one knife that you really like, maybe it has a handle style that
suits you, see if the manufacturer makes other size knives in the same style.
The next item to consider when choosing a fillet or fishing knife, is the quality of the
blade. You want to look for stainless steel blades that can maintain their sharpness. You
also want to try to buy one that can be sharpened easily throughout a fishing season.
Stainless steel is recommended because of its stronger resistance to rust; fishing knives
encounter a lot of water. You will want the same durability and strength in your fishing
knife as you would a hunting knife. However, with a fillet knife, a tempered blade that
can cut smoothly and thinly is ideal. When purchasing a fillet knife, look for one that is
serrated in a portion of the knife, toward the handle is best. Having the serration in
addition to the smooth sharp blade will be helpful to cut through tougher sections and
bones and will keep you from needing a second serrated knife.
The final items to consider are all about your personal style. There are a number of
knives available depending on the type of fisherman you or the recipient of the knife is.
Consider how frequently you use a fishing knife during your fishing trips. If you tend to
constantly be reaching for yours, purchase a folded knife that can be put in your pocket
or hang from a fishing vest so it will be easy to get to. If you have a messier tackle box
with little organization, consider purchasing a fishing knife that comes with a sturdy
knife sleeve or one that folds to avoid accidentally cutting yourself or damaging the
blade while it is moving around in the box. If you have arthritis or carpel tunnel
syndrome, try out various knife handle shapes to find one that is comfortable for you.
There are a number of knife options available; dont settle for anything other than
what will best help you as you fish this summer.
Consider these tips as you put together your tackle box and gear this summer. Whether you
are heading to the river, lake or ocean, a quality fishing or fillet knife is an important
addition and just may help bring in the record breaking fish.
If you're looking to purchase fishing rods, then you should know that it's not a
one-size-fits-all market. You wouldn't buy a Jaguar if you just wanted to drive the kids
to school and go to the grocery store just like you wouldn't buy a Ford SUV for street
racing. You have to know your purpose before purchasing the right fishing equipment for
the tasks ahead.
Let's take a look at some of the different types of fishing you might want to consider and
how that might influence the purchase of your fishing rods.
If you're doing some inshore fishing, you need to realize what that means: working in
shallow water and trying to catch fairly small fish. What you are going to look for in the
fishing rods is one that will be heavy enough to pull in decent size fish but you want to
choose one that is lightweight enough that you can cast it easily without causing your
body to ache the next day.
You'll probably want to look for either casting or spinning rods. These would also be good
choices if you're going to be doing bottom fishing, such as for catfish and other fish
that stay close to the bottom of watery areas.
Don't confuse these fishing rods with what you would need for inshore fly fishing. For
that, you'll still need to purchase fly fishing equipment.
When you're going to be doing offshore fishing, you're going to want a rod that can handle
whatever you throw at it. No matter what type of offshore fishing you're doing you can
expect to spend more the fishing rods you'll need than you would for ordinary fishing
equipment. For example, if you're going to go trolling then you can expect to pay around
$1,000. You may be able to find some less expensive options but you'll want to shop around
and pay close attention to the quality of the item before you buy it.
Bottom fishing is another example. While you can use the same equipment as you would for
inshore fishing, you'd probably want something a little more durable, especially if you
are going to be hunting for big fish. These fishing rods are usually also heavier and less
flexible than the ones used for trolling.
Surf and Pier Fishing:
If you're going to be doing fishing in the surf or off of a pier, you will most likely
want to look into some fairly specialized equipment. Surf rods are usually designed to
help you cast further so that you can actually reach the fish. These rods can also be used
for pier fishing as can most types of inshore fishing. However, you'll want to still focus
on choosing equipment that feels comfortable for you.
Specific Fishing Rods:
One of the larger challenges you're likely to face is finding these fishing rods at your
local store. Nowadays, you can choose an online site.
This may sound like a completely stupid title for an article, but hear me out. Many
anglers take their hooks for granted as a part of their fishing. They assume that as long
as they're using the popular bait, or the bait that has worked in the past, they will
catch fish. While it may be true that fish can be caught with blatant disregard for
something as simple as hooks, large and/or experienced fish cannot. If a fish is large, it
got that way for a reason. Because the fish has been around awhile. And fish that have
been around awhile have not only seen anglers offerings before, they have probably been
caught and released before. Therefore they become more difficult to fool into biting.
If you've spent any time on the water you know this fact to be true. That larger fish
have not only been around longer, but have also become wiser. This is especially true in
small rivers, where fish don't have hundreds of square miles to swim free in, such as is
found in lakes.
So how do we go about enticing these larger fish to bite our offering? The best way
that I've ever seen is by employing a set of gang hooks. What are gang hooks? They are
simply two small hooks tied in tandem. And when I say small hooks, I mean small hooks. I
personally use size 10 hooks. But with a set of size 10 gang hooks tied on four-pound test
mono-filament, I've caught trout and small mouth bass in the five to six pound class. And
why do I catch fish this big with hooks so small? Because the fish don't realize there are
hooks in the bait.
You see, gang hooks are the best way to present bait naturally. When your bait is in
the water it looks completely natural. Your bait looks exactly like it does normally. For
example, a worm hooked on size 10 gang hooks looks exactly the same as a worm without any
hooks in it at all. Needless to say, this is a huge advantage to the angler.
The above reasons are why this article is titled "bait doesn't catch fish, hooks
do", because while bait might help catch the attention of the fish, the hooks are
what actually catches said fish. Start using gang hooks and you will begin catching more
fish, It's as simple as that.
If you want more great tips delivered to your inbox for free, you can check this out.
As anglers, we should always be striving to become better and more efficient at our craft.
Trevor Kugler is co-founder of JRWfishing.com and an avid angler. He has more than 20
years experience fishing for all types of fish, and 15 years of business and internet
experience. He currently raises his three year old daughter in the heart of trout fishing
To maintain the delicate flavor of a newly caught freshwater or saltwater fish, this must
be handled properly to avoid spoilage. Not to mention preserving the fish with pleasing
odor. There are ways to properly prepare and maintain the quality just after the catch of
the fish into a sumptuous fishmeal. Check out the tips below:
1) As soon as the fish lands avoid any contact with hard surfaces to prevent bruising. It
should be washed immediately by hosing or bucket rinsing in order to remove the slime and
possible bacteria that cause spoilage. Never use water from close proximity marinas,
municipal or industrial discharges. To make sure, always use potable water instead.
2) Simply chill the fish to prevent deterioration in less than an hour. With a little
advance planning, proper icing can be accomplished with the use of some relatively cheap
equipment. Fish should be stored in coolers and should be well chilled. It should be
3" deep, thus, covering a pound of fish with pound of ice. Use chlorinated water per
quart of water for the final rinsing.
3) Clean the fish as soon as possible. Their tissues are sterile but not their scales,
which contains many types of bacteria. When cleaning fish, avoid rough treatment because
wounds in the flesh can allow the spread of bacteria. Gutting the fish does not have to be
necessarily long. It is wise to cut the belly, as it leaves no blood or viscera in the
body. Make sure not to soak cleaned fish fillets in a prolonged freshwater as this could
reduce the meat texture and flavor.
4) The eating quality and nutritional value of fish can be maintained up to 5 days if
properly cleaned. Washing of the hands before touching the fish is also important. No
matter what fish and the cooking technique used, one golden rule is to be followed always.
Whether it is whole or not, cook exactly 10 minutes for every inch measured. 15 minutes
should be allotted to fish enclosed in foil or sauce baked. Double the time for frozen
Allow extra time if fish will be baked while packed in an aluminum foil and allow extra
time for the penetration of the heat. That should be an additional 5 minutes for fresh
fish and 10 for frozen. In thawing frozen fish, slowly thaw in the fridge for 24 hours or
let the wrapped fish be run under cold water not at room temperature. Do not thaw a fish
that's frozen before cooking as it may make it mushy and dry.
I have always been a staunch supporter of using the rod and reel fishing. Be it fresh or
Some traditional fishermen will tell you that that is not necessarily true. Well, there is
some truth in it. It all depends on your local knowledge of the areas that you are
fishing. With that knowledge, you will know what type of fish you can expect to catch,
behavior, habit, bait types, hook sizes and line to use.
It differs greatly if you are fishing from the shore, breakwater, canals, on a boat or a
platform on the sea, such as a fish stake. My usual practice is to fish from a platform
such as fish stake or on a boat. The water is about 40 feet deep during low tide. Some
examples of fish caught are grouper, sea bass, snapper, barracuda, toad fish, cat fish,
Queen fish and other estuary fish.
I would recommend at least 30lb line on a spool with a size 10 hook. Length of line should
not exceed the water depth. Where I fish is about 40 feet at low tide. Any longer will
cost you time and probably your fish when you are reeling in by hand.
For bait, the preferred are live prawn, live sardine or live squid. When live baits are
not available, chilled bait bought from neighborhood tackle shop is a good alternative.
To bait a squid, hook through the body and out through the head. Somewhere between the
eyes, exposing a little of the hook point. If a bait fish is chosen, hook across the spine
through the lateral line, between the dorsal fin and anal fin. Alternatively, hook just
after the eyes and through to the other side, exposing the point of hook. The injured fish
will trigger the predator to strike fast.
If a prawn is used, hook the last 2 section before the tail fan. All the recommended
hooking methods represent the baits natural form underwater. This is the most
natural position know to predator fish.
The lead line should be about 1 to 2 feet in length, another 2 feet away from the bottom
lead weight. Throw the baited line into the sea, reel in about 2 feet so the lead weight
is about 2 feet above the sea floor. The lead line will be flowing along with the tide.
When the fish strike on the bait, pull in the line immediately. It is not recommended to
play with the fish. We do not know what kind of trash and debris lies under the water. No
sense risking the potential loss of fish and line.
Take extra care not to let the line tangle in a mess when you are reeling in. That is why
I recommend a length of about 40 feet. Anything beyond that, I reckon hand line is not
So, please clear the area around you before you start fishing.
About the author
Lee is an entrepreneur running his own industrial supplies business. When he is not
fishing, he is thinking of fishing.
For more information, please visit http://www.happygonefishing.com
Choosing the best surf fishing bait for the situation will improve your catch rate.
This article is a digest of my best tips for how to choose surf fishing bait that will
give you great results.
Match Your Bait To The Most Common Bait In The Surf
This almost sounds like common sense but you have to look at it from a different
perspective. The most common bait in the surf isn't always common. That's important to
realize. Predator surf fish are opportunists they will feed on what's ever available even
if it's not their preferred source. Available food sources will vary for lots of different
reasons. It can be affected by the time of year, the weather and other factors. Knowing
what these factors are is important but it's more important to be able to learn what the
most common bait in the surf is at that particular time.
Surf Fish Are Feeding On Different Bait At Different Times
In the previous paragraph I stated that food sources for predator surf fish can vary
for different reasons. If your going to become a successful surf angler you need to
develop an understanding of the factors that influence the available food sources. This
will come with experience and a foundation of knowledge to start with. After awhile it
becomes instinctive. Here's a tip you can use. Common bait in the surf will also be
readily available for the vendors who provide bait to the bait shops.
If you go into the bait shop to buy bait, some of the bait will be more scarce than
others. Chat with the attendant for a minute and learn what bait has been coming in most
readily. If they have been having a hard time getting a particular bait, you don't want to
be using that to start with. It may be a very good choice but not at that particular time.
Select your bait from one or two of the choices that have been easily obtained (by the
bait shop) with good size and quality.
Some Surf Fish Species Have A Bait Preference
By now if you have been learning about surf fishing you should have learned how to
determine what you want to be fishing for and what species are currently being taken in
the surf. You should also have learned something about the bait preferences for certain
species. The preferred bait isn't always your best choice. That being said, keep in mind
what I wrote in the previous paragraphs before choosing your bait. Select one or two of
the choices of bait to use at the surf line that meet the guidelines mentioned above and
is popular with the species you will be fishing for. You won't be wasting your time with a
choice of bait that isn't going to be effective that day.
Learn What Surf Fish Are Actively Feeding On In The Surf
Using the right bait at the right time will improve your catch rate significantly. It
does change and vary. As I mentioned above all predator fish are opportunists. Otherwise
you wouldn't be able to catch fish on a lure that doesn't closely resemble a live bait
source. Predator fish will take what's available depending on how hungry they are and how
easy it is to obtain. As the availability of food sources changes their feeding habits
change with it. The more you can improve your ability to learn what the fish are actively
feeding on the better your catch rate will be.
If All Else Fails Use Shrimp
After addressing how to choose the best surf fishing bait in the above paragraphs. If
you are just getting into surf fishing or your clueless about applying my tips for
choosing surf bait, as a last resort use shrimp. These are my reasons.
Shrimp is very effective for attracting many different kinds of surf fish.
Shrimp is often readily available.
You will almost certainly catch something when fishing with shrimp.
It's the first place to start when you are learning to surf fish.
Apply the knowledge you acquired in this article to improve the pleasure you will find
fishing in the surf. For me, surf fishing is the only kind of fishing I have a real
passion for. In my opinion there is so much more excitement involved in surf fishing than
in any other kind of fishing you will ever do.
Randy Meyers is a surf angler who has been fishing the surf for
over 30 years. He is the author of Surf Fishing - The quick Start Guide To This Exciting
Sport. Randy owns and operates the surf fishing website Surf-Fishanybeach.com
In modern carp fishing the ability to cast further is a
definite advantage in the anglers armoury. The fact is, that despite what their estimated
casting range is, most anglers will struggle to better 100 yards by any great margin.
Not all waters allow boats or bait boats, so being able to cast is a real plus, and can
make the difference between catching and not catching. I remember all too well blanking on
a lake in France because the fish were at 150 yards and I couldn't reach them. The Dutch
guy in the next peg was casting there easily. Needless to say he bagged up... much to my
We can't all afford to go out and buy top of the range gear, which is what you 'll need
to compete with the top casters.. that and loads of tuition and a modicum of talent. For
us mere mortals a few hints and tips can get us up to the 140-150 yards range. I've done
it measured, so as an average caster I can tell you it works. These tips were picked up
from Mark Hutchinson and Mehdi Daho, but if you really want to get into the big league. I
suggest you take lessons with someone like Mark.
Ok so here are 10 tips that will help you cast further with your regular carp gear.
1. Use a Large Spool Big Pit 'Type' Reel: These don't have to cost a fortune,
the Shimano AERLEX costs as little as fifty quid. Okuma make excellent value big spool
The top flight reels like the Ultegra's from Shimano and Tournaments from Daiwa will
set you back a few bob, but are excellent tools. The advantage of the wide spool on a big
pit is that the diameter doesn't drop as quickly as you cast, thus less friction builds up
on the spool lip, increasing your distance.
2. Fill Spool to the Rim: Make sure you fill your spool right up to the rim.
Modern fixed spool reels used in carp fishing have pretty good line lay, compared to the
awful things like Mitchell 300's and Cardinals. To make the most of the casting capacity
of your reel fill it right flush to the lip. Don't overfill as you'll get bird's nests,
but go as full as you can. Bear in mind that the line will bed down a bit.
3. Fill Your Spool with 10lb Monofilament Line: It stands to reason the finer
the line you use the further you'll cast. You can't go mad in carp fishing as the fish are
big and fight hard. In most open water 10lb mono is more than adequate. I use Daiwa Sensor
10lb for my long range stuff, but many of the quality monos on the market will do. Some
anglers drop line strength even more...it's a trade off really between abrasion resistance
and casting needs. A finer diameter line will naturally need far less chaffing to break it
than heavy, thicker nylon. A few drops of Kryston Greased Lightening will also make the
nylon flow off the reel better.
4. Use a Braided Leader: To get maximum distance with 10lb main line you'll need
a shock leader. Here I'd recommend a 50lb braid for a leader material. Braid has no
stretch so all your power is put into the blank and not into the stretch of a nylon
leader. It will add distance to your casts.
5. Use A Helicopter Rig: The best casting rig is the 'Helicopter' rig. Set up
right is is also the only rig that will leave the fish free of the line in the case of a
crack off. Now these rigs DO have to be done right. The wrong set up and you have a death
rig, as the fish trail line and the lead. There are several companies making either ready
to use rigs or selling the various end rig items you need to make a safe set-up. Please
pay careful attention to this! The poor set up of the helicopter rigs has seen it banned
on my waters, which is stupid, as done correctly it should be the safest rig out there.
It lets the lead fly first and the bait follows, giving you a more aerodynamic set up
and therefore more distance. Combine this with a short nylon stiff or combi-hooklink and
it will go far...
6. Use a Zip Lead: A lead of the Zip type will cast further than any lead out
there. Aerodynamic, these leads really come into their own when used with a bait. In most
circumstances you may net see a huge difference between dumpy pear leads and zips, that is
until you attach your boilie. The zip gives your rig far more stability and lets you get
several yards extra distance on your cast. These leads fly straight and true and will be
more accurate too.
7. Use a Small Bait: Inertia is one of the main problems you come across when
looking to gain those precious extra yards. It stands to reason a large 22mm boilie not
only adds weight to the rig, but also adds wind resistance and makes the set up less
stable in the air and less aerodynamic. If you drop your bait size down to 14mm or
smaller, it won't prevent a carp from finding and eating your offering, but it will
certainly help cancel out some of the negative effects of the large bait.
8. Use a Fingerstall: This is primarily a safety issue. Braided leaders are like
cheese wire, and will cut your finger down to the bone easily if you don't wear a
fingerstall. These need to be leather Reuben Heatons offers a very good one. To my mind
the fear of hurting myself and certainly the pain of slicing my finger would prevent me
from really leaning into a cast without one. The use of a fingerstall, the safety issue
aside, gives me all the confidence to go for the big one and not worry about injury. As I
said above, you need strong fine braided shock leader with no stretch to transfer the
energy of the lead compressing the blank on the cast. To use braid you MUST protect your
9. Make Sure Your Rod Handle is the Right Length: Now here is a point I bet most
people don't think about when they buy a rod to cast long range with. The length of the
handle. So you can transfer the maximum of your bodyweight into the cast, you need to be
able to tuck the handle under your armpit as you follow through. If the handle is too
long, you'll need to push it to one side at the end of the cast. You'll almost certainly
be losing yourself a few metres like this. You don't need full custom built rods, but you
should get a rod builder or a good tackle shop to tailor your rod for your arm length.
10. Cast Off the Deck: You can gain precious yards by laying your lead on the
floor and casting off the deck. You'll transfer all the force of the cast almost
immediately as you lift the weight, compressing the blank and unleashing the full power of
the rod. A couple of points to bear in mind, you might want to uprate your leader strength
to 100lb or so, as the casts of this type are brutal to say the least. You also might want
to lay the lead and the rig on an unhooking mat of some such thing to avoid catching the
rig on the ground or vegetation as you cast. I'd probably protect the hook point with PVA
also to avoid it pricking the material.
This is not an exhaustive list, but just a few tips and guide lines I've picked up to
help you put extra yards on a cast. Don't be afraid of breaking a rod, although its always
a possibility, modern carbon fibre is a hugely strong material and in normal fishing the
risks are not too great. A fishing rod is a tool so use it to its full...
For people who have never worn a
pair of polarized sunglasses while fishing a question that is often asked is
why exactly it is that I should wear polarized fishing glasses? I know this
is a question that I used to ask myself all the time, right up until I
actually purchased and used a pair of quality polarized fishing glasses.
Since doing that, you would be hard pressed to find me on the water fishing
without a pair of polarized fishing glasses covering my eyes.
The bottom line is that if your
favorite style of fishing involves sight fishing in any way such as, bass
fishing over spawning beds, drift fishing live bait in a river or stream, or
fly fishing in any way a pair of polarized fishing glasses are one of the
most important pieces of fishing gear to have. So why exactly is this the
The main difference between regular
sunglasses and sun glasses that have polarized lenses is that the
polarization cuts through the glare created when the sun refracts
horizontally off of the water or other objects, enabling you to see into the
water rather than seeing a ton of glare. Without getting into the science of
polarization and boring everyone to death, the point is that wearing
polarized fishing glasses is key to fishermen because by wearing them the
glare is eliminated and you can then see into the water (for lack of a
better, more concise description).
For many styles of fishing, such as
the ones mentioned above,
polarized fishing glasses
are a "must have" item. There is however one caveat to polarized sunglasses
whether they are being used for fishing or any other outdoor activity and
that caveat it that when it comes to polarized sunglasses you get what you
pay for. In other words if you head out to your local mall or super center
and buy a cheap pair of polarized sunglasses they more than likely aren't
going to perform very well. Quality products are more expensive when it
comes to almost everything and when you are talking about polarized fishing
glasses this rule is certainly holds true. I used to try to buy polarized
glasses for twenty five bucks or less and found that they were terrible and
didn't "work" very well, if at all. Then a friend made me invest in a
quality pair of polarized fishing glasses that cost me $150 and I realized
what all of the "hubbub" was about. The point is that when it comes to
polarized sun glasses expect to "invest" $50 to $150 and you will be
extremely happy with your decision because not only will the glasses look
good, but they will perform as they should as well.
As to the answer to the question,
"should I wear polarized fishing glasses", the final answer is largely up to
your personal favorite fishing style, but if being able to see into
the water seems as if it might be helpful to you then the answer is a
About the Author
Trevor Kugler is
co-founder of JRWfishing.com and an avid angler. He has more than 25 years
experience fishing for all types of fish, and 15 years of business and
internet experience. He currently raises his five year old daughter in the
heart of trout fishing country.
you planning on doing some fishing on your next vacation? If so, there are
plenty of ways for you to do just that. As you start to consider the
location and what options are available, think about your ideal trip. Are
you with friends and family, or alone, sitting in a small boat on an open
lake? Do you want to catch a specific type of fish or do you just want to
get away from your busy lifestyle so you can simply relax a bit? There are
options to fill virtually every one of these needs. What's right for you?
Scope Out the Area
Before you leave for your trip, find out what fishing options are available
in the area. Research the larger bodies of water nearby. Understand that
you'll find a completely different experience in each type of location. Why
not try them all? You can go deep-sea fishing in the Gulf of Mexico. You
could find a quiet, freshwater lake. You may also be able to do some
fly-fishing in one of the streams. Find a quiet bay or cove to check out,
too. There are plenty of different options for enthusiasts of all levels.
if you are an experienced angler, you will appreciate some tips from the
locals. That's one of the best reasons to book a charter. These
professionals not only take you to the locations where you'll catch the big
one, but you will also have all of the equipment you need on hand. That way,
you can easily pack up your bags when traveling without having to worry
about your rods or reels getting damaged during the trip.
Learn About the Best Opportunities
you catch more during the afternoon or during the early morning? Where will
you find the best schools of the largest fish? You may want to embrace a
more basic form and simply pull up a net at the local pier. Find out where
to go from the locals, what to expect, and even what type of bait to use so
you can be successful in your adventure.
may find that the beaches have plenty to offer to you aside from just the
fish, too. Fishing may be one of the best experiences you have on your next
trip, even if you are just heading off on your own for a few days alone. On
the other hand, it could be perfect for you and your closest loved ones.
All photographs (unless otherwise stated) are the property of Brian Ramsey. None
of the photographs may be reproduced without the express written consent of Outdoor Business Group Limited and Brian Ramsey.